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Familiarity with how to clean the kitchen hood and filter

How to clean the kitchen hood and filter

As the design of the kitchen has changed, the hood has become more prominent as a focal point in the space. Hood covers are made of any type of metal, from stainless steel to bronze and copper. Others are custom-made with Venetian plaster or painted boards or a rustic wood warehouse view depending on the kitchen decor.

While a beautiful hood cover catches the eye, the most important element is the hidden functional parts beneath it: the circulating fan, the filter and the ventilation duct. It does not matter if you have a cover hood or a simple metal vent installed under the cabinet or a combination ventilator and microwave, it is very important to use and keep it clean.

Clean the kitchen hood from time to time

If you cook daily, the inside and outside of the hood and filter should be cleaned every month. If you are not a frequent chef, seasonal cleaning will suffice. Always clean the filter after a holiday party, even if you do not clean the rest of the hood.

As the suction fan draws fat and food particles into the duct, they naturally adhere to the surfaces. Cleaning is necessary not only to improve the appearance and smell of the hood but also to prevent house fires . According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), cooking is the leading cause of fire damage and the fourth leading cause of carelessness is smoking and electrical problems in all home fires. This statistic is even more impressive for commercial kitchens. When a pot or frying pan is placed on the stove for a long time, flames appear and may jump into an oil hood, causing extensive structural damage.

What you need


baking soda
Degreasing dishwashing liquid
Boiling water


Soft nylon brush

How to clean the hood filter

Each type of hood has a filter that is placed on the fan and helps to absorb fat and food before entering the channel. Most are metals that can be cleaned and reused for years, while some charcoal filters are disposable. Check with your manufacturer for instructions. Fortunately, cleaning the filter is the easiest part of the job. You do not even need harsh chemicals.

Remove the Filter

To remove a reusable filter, either slide it out or find the latch that you use to pop it out.

Prepare the Cleaning Solution

Fill a sink with boiling water. If the sink isn’t available, use a large pot or glass baking dish that is heatproof. Add one to two tablespoons of dishwashing liquid to the water. Be sure that the dishwashing soap label states that it contains a degreaser. Add one-half cup baking soda and mix the solution well.

Wet the filter

Immerse the filter in the solution and let it soak for at least fifteen minutes. No need to scrub now, let the cleaners do the heavy work! If you are distracted, try to remove the fat before the water has cooled completely and re-sat on the filter.

Rinse and rinse the filter

Next, use a scrub brush to remove grease or food particles that are still stuck to the filter. Rinse well with hot water and dry thoroughly before reinserting.

How to clean the inside and outside of a hood

As the filter needs regular cleaning, the interior surfaces should also be monitored for grease and dirt. Since ideally a hood should be installed only 24 to 30 inches above the stove burners, there are many opportunities to spray food.

What you need


Degreasing spray
Paper towels or cleaning cloth


Soft brush

Apply degreaser

Spray on the grease trap to make sure the stove is clean of any dishes (drops may drip). Let it work for at least fifteen minutes.


Use a paper towel to remove dirt and grime. If any particles remain, spray a little grease on a nylon brush and wash those parts. Finish by removing the remaining debris.

Rinse well

Finally, soak a clean paper towel or cloth in plain warm water and wash the inside to remove any cleaning residue

How to clean the outer surfaces of the hood

Exterior surface cleaning depends entirely on the type of material used for the hood. Most hoods under cabinets or microwaves are installed with a vent or made of stainless steel or painted metal. Use a recommended degreaser for those coatings and a soft cloth to remove grease. To prevent streaks on stainless steel, use one or two drops of olive oil on the microfiber cloth for final polishing.

Large decorative hoods should be dusted weekly and cleaned monthly to maintain their beauty. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for different types of payments. Copper and brass metal hoods can be severely polished or allowed to form an old patina.

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